The previous Renaissance started as a cultural movement in Italy in the Late dark Medieval period and later spread to the rest of Europe. The movement witnessed the discovery and exploration of new continents, the decline of the feudal system, the growth of commerce and the invention or application of such powerful innovations as paper, printing, the mariner’s compass, and gunpowder. Scientists were able to easily share work, leading to faster and more accurate discoveries. Thanks to the printing press, new ideas spread quickly throughout Europe and allowed for widespread educational reform. Some major artistic achievements were the development of perspective in oil painting. When artists began using various types of oils as a binding substance instead of egg yolk, they had more time to complete paintings and were able to experiment with their colors.